Paneer or penir is a kind of fresh, soft, un-ripened cheese obtained from coagulation of cow or buffalo milk. It is also known by chhana (chhena) in Bangladesh and West-Bengal state of India. Paneer is another choice of low-calorie cheese, similar to cottage cheese, for anyone following a low-fat diet.
Processing of dairy to paneer technology was existed in the plains of Northern India during the time of ancient Indus Valley civilization.
|Fresh paneer-Indian cheese.|
In its simplistic form, paneer preparation demands less time and equipments than most other soft, semi-soft or hard cheeses.
Full cream, pasteurized cow or buffalo milk intended to prepare paneer cheese is poured into a clean, wide-mouthed bowl and heated till it reaches near-boiling point (75 degrees F).
In the next step, add food acid like lemon juice (citric acid) to milk while the milk continues to boil. Approx. 10 ml lemon juice or vinegar per liter of milk required to curdle milk. Continue to heat milk for another 5-10 minutes under low heat while stirring to help even distribution of acids and to prevent scorching of milk at the bottom.
Once you see enough curdling done, turn off the stove. Allow curds to separate from the whey for about 15-30 minutes. Then, drain the curd using cheesecloth until all the whey drained out. Dip the cheese in cold/ice water for 20-30 minutes to give it a good texture and appearance.
Paneer cheese shall not contain more than 70.0 per cent moisture and the milk fat content shall not be less than 50.0 per cent of the dry matter.
Chhana or chhena/sana (in Assamese) is milk solid obtained by coagulation of cow or buffalo milk with sour cream butter milk (SCBM), lactic acid or citric acid and subsequent drainage of whey. Chhena is indigenous cheese product of Odisha, West-Bengal states of Eastern India and neighboring Bangladesh which serves as base for a large variety of Indian sweets.
Paneer has almost similar nutritional profile as cottage cheese. It is one of the nutritious, low-calorie dairy products; carries 80 cal/100g, 10-15% protein and small amounts of high calorie fats and sugars. It, therefore, is quite popular and an excellent food for people who are on diet programs.
It provides high-quality protein that is rich in all essential amino acids required for growth and development and help stay healthy.
Paneer is low-lactose dairy product and contains minimal amount of lactose (0.1 g/oz) making it one of the good source of protein and minerals for those with lactose intolerance. During curdling process, most of naturally occurring lactose in milk is converted into more easily digestible lactic acid.
Like other dairy cheeses, is free of gluten. It, therefore, is an important source of gluten-free food that is rich in protein, minerals and vitamins.
Paneer contains good amounts of calcium, magnesium and phosphorous; and together with vitamin-D, Paneer ensures sufficient nutrients available for bone growth, especially in the children.
Regular consumption helps in preventing osteoporosis. Calcium plays an important role in building stronger, denser bones early in life and keeping bones strong and healthy later in life. Calcium deficiency can lead to rickets and poor blood clotting and osteoporosis. As per recommended dietary allowances (RDA), daily calcium intake should be 1000 milligrams for adult man.
It is an healthy food product since most of the constituents in skim milk undergo biochemical changes into more easily digestible and health benefiting products.
It contains all the vitamins available in the milk, both fat-soluble and B-complex group of vitamins. It is particularly rich in riboflavin and vitamin A (236 IU/100g).
Being soft and fresh cheese, paneer contains modest levels of minerals, especially calcium (10% of RDI), phosphorus (22% of RDI) and magnesium.
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Fresh paneer cheese is readily available year-round in grocery stores and dairy booths in India, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Soft, semi-firm, creamed (malai paneer-equivalent to creamed cottage cheese), diced or in blocks, tinned or vacuum packed, ready to use peneer cheese can be easily available depending on your meal plan.
Buy paneer having smooth, uniform texture and softness from reputed manufacturers. It should have a milky-white color, and pleasant smell and appealing taste.Avoid with excess moisture or water dipping. Do not buy loose product from retail shops as it might be contaminated with foreign matter/particles and adulterants and off-flavored.
Similar to other soft and non-aged dairy products, paneer is highly perishable because of high moisture contents. Store inside the home refrigerator 2-3 days below 80 degree F. In a way similar to cottage cheese, if you prepare ay home, make small batches frequently and store well in the fridge for up to a week.
In the deep freezer, paneer stays well for couple of months.
Like cottage cheese, fresh paneer also very convenient and versatile to use. It can be enjoyed with little bit of seasoning and mixed in fruits and vegetable salads.
Paneer cheese is many food combinations. Traditional milk solids recipes usually revolve around homemade paneer cheese in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, be it appetizers main dishes, and desserts.
Skewed paneer cubes roasted in traditional oven (paneer tandoor tikki) is a popular snack in Punjab provinces of India and Pakistan.
Paneer cheese stuffed bread with yogurt and pickle is another traditional North Indian and Pakistan breakfast dish.
Paneer cubes mixed in cashew, herbs paste -butter-paneer masala is a delicious curry dish served with oven or unleavened breads is popular dish in Northern India.
Unlike hard and aged cheeses, paneer and cottage are low sodium, low-fat dairy items and contains small amounts of saturated fats and cholesterol, and therefore, recommended as healthy dairy product for those who on low sodium and fat diet program.
Skim-milk paneer cheese contains small amounts of tyramine, and can be eaten in small quantities by those on tyramine-restricted diet.
Source: Queensland Government-low tyramine diet: MAOI's and diet.
<<-You may also like to read-Cheddar cheese nutrition facts.
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USDA National Nutrient Database. (opens in new window).
Paneer production -A Review. (opens in new window).
Queensland Government- low tyramine diet.
Academia- Paneer: A Very Popular Milk Product in Indian Sub-continent.. PDF (opens in new window)